Tunc omnes exercitus in Landis burdegaiensibus coadunantur. Cooperiebant enim totam terram illam, longitudine scilicet et latitudine duobus dietis. Spacio duodecim miliariorum in longitudine audiebanlur fremitus et sonitus illorum. Statim insecutus est ilium Estultus comes cum suo exercitu. Deinde venit Arastagnus rex et Engelerus dux cum suis exercitibus simul.
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History[ edit ] The compilation of Codex Calixtinus predates , most likely taking place during the late s to early s. This compilation is most likely due to the French scholar Aymeric Picaud. There are some clues suggestive of a later date of around , but none of them render impossible a date of around The miracles in book II are recounted with their dates, between and , so that the completion of the compilation can with some certainty be dated to between and , and with highest probability to the s.
James", Codex Calixtinus is the archetype manuscript for the composite Liber sancti Jacobi. For this reason, the terms Liber sancti Jacobi and Codex Calixtinus are often used interchangeably. This date serves as terminus ante quem for the compilation of the Liber excluding appendices.
The work was particularly popular at the Abbey of Cluny. On 4 July , the codex was found in the garage of a former employee of the Cathedral. There were also several other objects of worth stolen from the Cathedral found in the home of the former employee. The codex appeared to be in perfect condition but an in depth analysis will have to be performed in order to verify it.
The former cathedral employee was convicted of the theft of the codex and of EUR 2. Its oversized pages were trimmed down during a restoration in With some exceptions, each folio displays a single column of thirty-four lines of text. Book IV had been torn off in , either by accident, theft or at the decree of King Philip III , and it was reinstated during the restoration.
The letter of Pope Callixtus II which opens the book, occupies both recto and verso of the first two folios. He also describes how the manuscript survived many hazards from fire to drowning.
Book I: Book of the Liturgies[ edit ] Anthologia liturgica. Book I accounts for almost half of all the codex and contains sermons and homilies concerning Saint James, two descriptions of his martyrdom and official liturgies for his veneration. Its relative size and the information it contains on the spiritual aspects of the pilgrimage make it the heart of the codex. The Veneranda Dies sermon is the longest work in Book One and seems to have been part of the feast day celebrations for St.
James July It commemorates the life, death and translation of the remains of St. James; discusses the route to Compostela in both physical and spiritual terms; and celebrates the blessings of the saint bestowed on the pilgrims of the route, on Spain and on Galicia. The hagiographic Book II is an account of twenty-two miracles  across Europe attributed to Saint James, both during his life and after his death.
It also tells of the custom started by the first pilgrims of gathering souvenir sea shells from the Galician coast. The scallop shell is a symbol for Saint James.
It describes the coming of Charlemagne to Spain, his defeat at the Battle of Roncevaux Pass and the death of the knight Roland.
The Order was formed in order to help protect church interests in northern Spain from Moorish invaders. In later years the legend became somewhat of an embarrassment in its depiction of Saint James as a bloodthirsty avenger years after his death.
Throughout northern Spain along the Way of St. Today this legend in northern Spain has cultural and historical significance that is completely separate from any of the original intentions by the Catholic Church. It also describes the city of Santiago de Compostela and its cathedral. These passages are of great interest to musicologists as they include early examples of polyphony.
Hij vertelt daarin hoe hij tijdens zijn veertien jaar durende tocht getuigenissen verzamelde over de goede daden van Jacobus. Ook beschrijft hij hoe het manuscript vele gevaren overleefde, van brand tot overstromingen. De brief kan gelezen worden als een introductie op de vijf afzonderlijke boeken waaruit de Codex is opgebouwd. Boek I. Liturgische bloemlezing Anthologia liturgica [ bewerken brontekst bewerken ] Dit eerste boek beslaat vrijwel de helft van de Codex Calixtinus. Ook is er een mis voor de feestdag van de wonderen op 3 later 5 oktober. Boek I geeft de kathedrale clerus houvast bij de luisterrijke eredienst voor de apostel Jacobus gedurende het kerkelijk jaar.
Liber Sancti Iacobi