Most importantly, how could they be used? By creating visual representations of thought, leaders create shared understandings and foster connections among staff. There are 17 chapters offering research and results, grouped into four sections: Thinking, Language and Learning, Integrating Content and Process, Whole Learning Communities and Professional Development. The authors describe Thinking Maps as a language of visual tools grounded in the thinking process, a most neurally apt description.
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What Are the Benefits of Thinking Maps? David Hyerle. Thinking Maps use methods by which the human brain naturally processes and organizes information. Teachers can use Thinking Maps across disciplines to help students make connections to learning. The benefits of Thinking Maps have been demonstrated through research and classroom observation.
Function Thinking Maps are visual tools that students and teachers can use to organize ideas and thus enhance learning. Teachers can use Thinking Maps to teach many subjects, making curricular options broader. Students of all ages in a school district can learn the common language of Thinking Maps and potentially create more complex and well-reasoned work.
Educators can choose Thinking Maps to increase abstract thinking skills and to improve student interest in learning. Based on brain research and longitudinal studies, Thinking Maps are a set of graphic organizers developed by Dr.
Types There are many general types of graphic organizers used in classrooms, some common ones being Venn diagrams, flow charts and KWL tables.
Hyerle felt that the sheer amount of education research was impractical and daunting for teachers. Benefits According to Dr.
Hyerle, the main benefits of the Thinking Maps model are that is it "Reflective, consistent, integrative, flexible and developmental. In his book "Student Successes with Thinking Maps," Hyerle maintains that test results, classroom observations and concrete research have proven that Thinking Maps improve student performance. Expert Insight According to Dr.
Hyerle, brain-based research supports the notion that if there is no emotional or logical connection between new information and that which has already been stored, the new information will be discarded. Thinking Maps graphic organizers give students a way of recalling stored information by using patterns, which helps them integrate new information.
The Thinking Maps model is designed to promote a complete sequence of critical thinking. Examples There are eight Thinking Maps, each serving its own purpose in organizing student thinking. One type of Thinking Map is a "Flow Map.
It can take increasingly complex forms, organizing information such as the correct order for mixing and baking bread or information such as a sequence in physics.
Another type of Thinking Map is a "Tree Map. About the Author Stefanie Reubell is a longtime editor, writer, and teacher. Her writing and editing expertise includes special interests in education, horticulture, zoology, biology, the culinary arts, and music.
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What Are the Benefits of Thinking Maps?
David Hyerle After gaining his elementary and secondary teaching credentials from the Bay Area Writing Project and teaching in the Oakland and Berkeley public schools, David received his doctorate from UC Berkeley with continuing studies as an Exchange Scholar for two years at the Harvard School of Education. He is an international leader in the field of thinking skills development, critical reflection, and 21st century learning. David has always attempted to integrate the fields of cognitive-neuroscience, high quality collaborative teaching and learning models, and assessment into the fabric of everyday classroom teaching. ASCD Association for Supervision and Curriculum Development honored his work by distributing his visual tools book to over , educators worldwide. Recent published writings by David include insights into assessment, knowledge cartography knowledge creation and transfer , visual representations of data and the direct facilitation of dispositions of thinking, or Habits of Mind Costa and Kallick. Since , when David formalized the approach for working across schools at every level from pre-K to college, the Thinking Maps, Inc.
Thinking Maps are a step up from graphic organizers. They are a visual representation of organizing information and using critical and creative thinking skills when reading a text. Thinking Maps focus on strategies to help with brainstorming, describing, comparing and contrasting, classifying, whole to part relationships, sequencing, cause and effect, seeing analogies. All of these strategies are a part of higher order thinking.