AKTA MAHKAMAH SYARIAH 1965 PDF

Kandungan Akta [ sunting sunting sumber ] Akta ini hanya mengandungi 3 seksyen. Seksyen 1 menyatakan tajuk ringkas Akta ini dan menyatakan bahawa pemakaian Akta ini adalah terpakai di seluruh Malaysia. Bahagian yang relevan daripada Butiran tersebut ialah, urusan berkaitan Islam adalah urusan negeri, yang mana termasuklah " Kuasa Mahkamah Syariah yang diperuntukkan oleh Perlembagaan Malaysia adalah seperti berikut: Boleh membicara dan menghukum dengan hukuman penjara atau denda ke atas orang Islam sahaja Denda tidak melebihi RM

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Structure[ edit ] The Syariah Courts Criminal Jurisdiction Act , in its current form 1 January , consists of only 3 sections and no schedule including 3 amendments , without separate Part. Given the multi-religious composition of the governing coalition, Barisan Nasional BN , UMNO which is the leading party of BN cultivates its image as the promoter of a moderate, modernist form of Islam and contrasts itself against the purportedly backward, traditional brand of Islam as propounded by PAS.

Institutions such as the International Islamic University of Malaysia IIUM were set up to develop intellectual backing and training in support of the policy. Othman in Although the new clause was meant to prevent the challenges against Syariah court verdicts on litigation over Muslim family and inheritance issues in civil court, its evolving interpretation has had far reaching impact on non-Muslims on issues such as conversion and the adjudication of the religious status of a person deemed as Muslim, as well as on the resolution of inter-religious conflicts over child conversion and custody.

In , the Syariah Courts Criminal Jurisdiction Act of was amended to increase the maximum sentences that the Islamic legislation and Syariah courts are empowered to impose, from six months of jail term or a fine of RM or both, to three years of imprisonment, RM, or six strokes of canning, or a combination of the three. In the next year, the federal government also set up a Department of Syariah Judiciary of Malaysia also known as Jabatan Kehakiman Shariah Malaysia, JKSM to assist in streamlining the administration of the Syariah courts in various states.

Indicative of the attempts at further expansion of the Islamic bureaucracy was the announcement in that JAKIM had been advocating since for the upgrade of the Syariah court to a five-tier system to be at par with its civil counterparts. In September , Dr Mahathir Mohamed also controversially declared that Malaysia was already a negara Islam based on a list of criteria set at a seminar of ulama gathered by him to validate his claim.

For them, the legislation of the hudud law which involves unconventional punishment such as limb amputation and death by stoning occupies a central place in this vision. When PAS controlled the state governments of Kelantan and Terengganu, it managed to enact these laws respectively in the states of Kelantan in and Terengganu in However, no attempt was made to implement these enactments deemed as going against the Federal Constitution on numerous aspects.

Although the UMNO President and the Prime Minister then, Dr Mahathir Mohamed, was forthright in expressing his objection to its implementation, UMNO state leaders had not attempted to abolish the enactment upon winning back their control over the Terengganu state government.

Notably, Prime Minister Najib himself has said publicly that the federal government has never rejected hudud as the divine law, but many issues and obstacles needed to be addressed before the Islamic law could be implemented in Malaysia. The Islamic legal system in Malaysia. Rim L. Islamization of Malaysian Laws pp. The Sun Daily.

The Star Online.

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Syariah Courts (Criminal Jurisdiction) Act 1965

Structure[ edit ] The Syariah Courts Criminal Jurisdiction Act , in its current form 1 January , consists of only 3 sections and no schedule including 3 amendments , without separate Part. Given the multi-religious composition of the governing coalition, Barisan Nasional BN , UMNO which is the leading party of BN cultivates its image as the promoter of a moderate, modernist form of Islam and contrasts itself against the purportedly backward, traditional brand of Islam as propounded by PAS. Institutions such as the International Islamic University of Malaysia IIUM were set up to develop intellectual backing and training in support of the policy. Othman in Although the new clause was meant to prevent the challenges against Syariah court verdicts on litigation over Muslim family and inheritance issues in civil court, its evolving interpretation has had far reaching impact on non-Muslims on issues such as conversion and the adjudication of the religious status of a person deemed as Muslim, as well as on the resolution of inter-religious conflicts over child conversion and custody. In , the Syariah Courts Criminal Jurisdiction Act of was amended to increase the maximum sentences that the Islamic legislation and Syariah courts are empowered to impose, from six months of jail term or a fine of RM or both, to three years of imprisonment, RM, or six strokes of canning, or a combination of the three. In the next year, the federal government also set up a Department of Syariah Judiciary of Malaysia also known as Jabatan Kehakiman Shariah Malaysia, JKSM to assist in streamlining the administration of the Syariah courts in various states.

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Akta Mahkamah Syariah (Bidang Kuasa Jenayah) 1965

Isu ini menjadi panas disebabkan komen berbaur emosi dan pengaruh keagamaan tanpa difahami secara tuntas apakah persoalan yang sebenar di sebalik isu ini. Bahkan, ramai yang tidak pernah pun membaca teks sebenar Akta sebelum memberikan komen ke atas isu ini. Oleh itu, adalah wajar sekiranya kita melihat perspektif sebenar berkaitan hal ini. Kandungan Akta Akta ini adalah akta yang ringkas yang hanya mengandungi 3 seksyen sahaja. Bidangkuasa yang dimaksudkan itu adalah: Kesalahan yang boleh dihukum adalah terhad kepada kesalahan terhadap rukun-rukun agama Islam precepts of the religion of Islam. Kesalahan itu dilakukan oleh penganut agama Islam. Kesalahan itu hanya boleh dihukum dengan penjara tidak lebih 3 tahun, denda tidak lebih RM atau sebatan tidak lebih 6 kali atau gabungan hukuman-hukuman itu.

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Pengkelasan Kes Jenayah

Sejarah[ sunting sunting sumber ] Pada kurun 15, Islam telah bertapak di Melaka. Undang-Undang Islam mula digunakan apabila pembesar dan raja-raja memeluk agama Islam. Kejatuhan Melaka pada , Portugis dan kemudiannya Belanda telah menjajah Melaka, Walaubagaimanapun kedudukan dan pelaksanaan undang-undang Islam tidak terjejas. Mulai , kedatangan Inggeris mengambil Pulau Pinang dan Kedah menjadi titik mula usaha pengenepian Undang-undang Islam. Mereka menganggap Pulau Pinang ketika itu tidak mmepunyai sebarang sistem perundangan Undang-undang dan mendakwa undang-undang Islam yang diamalkan adalah zalim.

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